The role of meritocracy in chinese history, focused on the so-called examination system, has been a matter of long scholarly scrutiny in its self-image, china is a meritocratic society. According to the new right’s beliefs, the role of education is to instil drive, initiative and enterprise the new right believe this will come from competition between schools and colleges, motivating teachers to improve standards and providing parents and students with a choice of schools and colleges. In particular, individuals view merit as a legitimate basis upon which to establish pay, as a result of living in a post-industrial society where knowledge is necessary for economic advancement the actual degree of meritocracy is influenced, with some time-lag, by the educational and financial resources of a society.
In contrast, functionalists like parsons and davis and moore believe both the education system and wider society to be meritocratic, offering a ladder of opportunity to every child functionalists explain underachievement primarily in terms of cultural deprivation within those from lower socio-economic backgrounds. Talcott parsons argued that education acts as the ‘focal socializing agency’ in modern society school plays the central role in the process of secondary socialisation, taking over from primary socialisation. All societies have to have ways of socialising new members, and some societies need specialist institutions for differentiating between people and allocating them to specific levels of economic activity within their society - such is the case with industrial societies. It was when africa was colonised that modern or western education relationship between african societies and their educational systems with reference to datta (1987) the subject matter of the section is analysed with reference to a number of concepts including ’industrial and pre-industrial societies’, ’primary and secondary.
Education has played a paramount role in the modern industrial world this is attributed to the fact prospective employees must be qualified adequately to perform various tasks effectively industries entail resources that are sufficiently equipped with the modern technology to suit the needs and wants of the society. - the functionalist explanation of the role of education in modern society i will discuss the functionalist's theories in comparison to those of the marxist and interactionists functionalism is a theory a theory based on “value consensus” functionalism is based on the view that society is a system of interdependent parts held. Similar to d & m: human capital theory • similar to d & m, is an idea called ‘human capital theory’ • modern industrial society is technologically advanced, so the skills of its workforce are its main economic asset or ‘capital’ • a meritocratic education system is the best way to develop a sufficiently skilled workforce and thus. A meritocratic education system does this best davis and moore examined role allocation they believe that education selects talented individuals and allocates them to the most important roles in society. A full comprehensive education system is a logical alternative – one that’s well funded, with a variety of academic and vocational syllabuses, and valued by families of all classes.
For centuries, sociologists have analyzed social stratification, its root causes, and its effects on society theorists karl marx and max weber disagreed about the nature of class, in particular other sociologists applied traditional frameworks to stratification according to marx, the bourgeoisie. Critically evaluate the functionalist perspective on education for the functionalists, education performs a positive function for all individuals in society and has a powerful influence over itthe education system serves the needs of an industrial society by providing a more advanced division of labour socialising new generations into societies shared norms. In modern democratic societies, higher levels of formal education are associated with higher levels of involvement in the political system social integration: functionalists say that the education system functions to instill the dominant values of a society and shape a common national mind. The sociology of education is the study of how social institutions and individual experiences affects education and its outcome education is it is concerned with all forms of education ie formal and informal education systems of modern industrial societies. Education is needed in a modern industrial society because of the complex division of labour that such societies have liberals view education as the promotion of the well being of the individual rather than aimed at improving society as a whole conclusion - no evidence of the rise of a ‘meritocratic’ society.
In his book meritocratic education and social worthlessness (palgrave, 2012), the philosopher khen lampert argued that educational meritocracy is nothing but a post-modern version of social darwinism. Evaluate the view that education systems in modern industrial societies are meritocratic evaluate the view that the education system in modern industrial society enables the intelligent to succeed (25) the way that the education system functions and is set up in modern industrial society allows the intelligent to succeed intelligence can be defined as the ability to discover rules, patterns. The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes it is mostly concerned with the public schooling systems of modern industrial societies, including the expansion of higher , further , adult , and continuing education.
Higher education has the additional role of reflecting and promoting an open and meritocratic civil society civil society is neither state nor market, but is a realm that links public and private purposes. Functionalists see education as having 4 major roles: 1) passing on societies beliefs and culture - education is a functional prerequisite of society its passes on key values and beliefs via socialization, through both the national curriculum and the hidden curriculum this helps creat social solidarity, it unites society in its morals and values. Functionalists such as parsons (1956) suggest that the modern nuclear family has evolved to meet the changing economic needs of industrial society parsons argued that the most common family type in pre-industrial society was the extended family and that this extended unit was ‘multifunctional.
Modern industrial society is increasingly based on achievement rather than ascription by reflecting the operation of society as whole, the school prepares young people for their adult lives lastly he saw the education system as an important mechanism for the selection of individuals for their future. The post-industrial society (bell, 1972, 1973, touraine, 1969), as well as in the theory on jobs origin, educational level, status - is meritocratic only if the following probability is independent from the origin position oj: a meritocratic civil service system is an ideal system therefore, the method described below. Modern post-industrial societies should be based increasingly on meritocratic principles: ‘merit’ is defined as iq plus effort, and educational qualifications are seen to provide a useful proxy measure of these characteristics. In order to analyse the functions of formal education systems we must first of all distinguish between pre-industrial societies where education is provided more informally in families, churches and workplaces and industrial societies where formal education systems expand [as an aspect of structural differentiation ]to meet the needs of industrial economies for more skilled specialised workers.
Bowles and gintis schooling in capitalist america [or ''capitalism bad''] chapters 1 & 2 b&g engage in a lengthy analysis of the education system in modern capitalist society (ie the us), faulting liberal educational theory for its failure to recognize the position of the educational system with respect to broader social institutions, namely the economy. Marxist perspective by sam cook a former student marxist perspective of education-revision notes marx’s position about the ruling class was they have the power to control the working classes not with force but with ideas these ideas justify their dominant position and conceal the true source of their power along with their exploitation of the. Education does this by instilling a sense of social solidarity in the individual – which involves instilling a sense of belonging to wider society, a sense of commitment to the importance of working towards society’s goals and a feeling that the society is more important than the individual.